Crossbreeding with Milking Shorthorns
Milking Shorthorns are the ideal breed for cross breeding. Grazers have shown that they are open minded to different ideas, including cross breeding, to reach their desired goals. With their inherent calving ease, Milking Shorthorns can be successfully crossed with any other dairy breed to quickly incorporate the Milking Shorthorn-related grazing traits. (Since a few sires involved in the Milking Shorthorn Genetic Expansion Program may contain up to 50% Red Holstein blood, it is helpful to ask about the pedigree when selecting for calving ease.) In addition, although no bulls can be completely trusted, Milking Shorthorns tend to be quieter than other dairy bulls and fit well where a bull is used to get cows settled.
Rules regarding the AMSS Color Guidelines:
1. To be eligible to be shown a Milking Shorthorn base hair color must be red, white or roan (red and white intermixed). No other base color is allowed.
2. Disqualification’s for color beyond the proceeding include animals that are brindled with diffuse black hairs on locations other than the edge of the ear, edge of the muzzle or nape of shoulder, or animals that have more than one location with black hair on other parts of the body.
3. “Black Hair” for purpose of these rules refers to hair that is black the entire length of the shaft to the root.
4. Minimal black hair described as “ticking” around the edge of the ears, edge of the muzzle and shoulder nape is permissible.
5. An animal is eligible to be shown if they have no more then one “spot” of black hair smaller than four square inches.
6. “Black Spot” refers to areas of solid black hair or to areas of black roan with diffuse white or red hairs intermixed.
7. Measurement is made around the distinct edge of the area in question.
8. If an animal has one spot larger than four square inches, or more than one spot, they are ineligible to be shown.
9. Any animal with one spot smaller than four square inches that is to be shown must be blood/DNA typed for parental identification. If parental ID is confirmed the animal is eligible thereafter for all show and National awards.
10. Any animal the Executive Secretary examines and finds to have one or multiple black spots, irregardless of eligibility for showing, are required to be blood/DNA typed for parental identification to maintain registry status.
11. As there exist a lack of uniformity in varying show venues across the country in response to enforcement of the Black Hair rule, the Board of AMSS has stipulated the following. Only the Executive Secretary of the American Milking Shorthorn Society shall have authority in determining eligibility of animals under the Black Hair Rule. The Executive Secretary is required to be in attendance at all accredited National Shows.
12. When the Executive Secretary of the American Milking Shorthorn Society is in attendance at a National Show, or if she/he are at any other venue in which Milking Shorthorns are being exhibited as registered cattle in the AMSS Herdbook, she/he may, at their discretion, or at the request of either the owner of an animal or other exhibitor, examine an animal for eligibility due to the above color requirements or other considerations.
13. If the Executive Secretary is requested by a party other than the owner to examine an animal for any reason, the person requesting the examination must first post a $100 bond with the Executive Secretary.
14. If the animal examined is found to be ineligible under above rules 1, 2 or 5 or eligible under rule 6 pending parental identification, the bond is returned to the person requesting the examination.
15. If the animal examined at the request of a person who has a bond is found to be eligible under the Black Hair Rule, or eligible under any other consideration, the bond is forfeited and is deposited in the general fund of the AMSS.